Stem cells from umbilical cord blood and cord tissue are rich in two different types of stem cells. Both types of stem cells play a key role in maintaining our health and each one works in a unique way.
The CORD fabric or Wharton’s jelly is a tissue that surrounds the umbilical vein and the vessels in the cord.
When the vessels are removed, there is a remaining tissue that contains cells called mesenchyme stem cells or mother MSCs.
MSCs are powerful and unique stem cells that help repair and heal the body differently than cord blood. The surrounding tissue is also a rich source in other cell types, which have different potential uses.
Mesenchyme stem cells have a lot of unique functions that include the capacity to inhibit inflammation subsequent to tissue damage, secrete growth factors that aid in tissue repairing, and differentiate into several cell types including neuronal cells, fat cells, bone cells, and cartilages.
Why Should I Keep the Tissue of the Lace and the Blood of the Mother Cells?
The MSCs harvested from cord tissue have the capacity to regenerate and distinguish into different kinds of cells. Therefore, they could ultimately be used to treat more conditions than cord blood could lonely treat.
MSCs are rapidly being used as a regenerative medicine for a lot of conditions including kidney and heart disease, wound healing, ALS, and autoimmune diseases.
Many of the most recent studies say that regenerative medicine is more effective with a mixture of stem cell types. MSCs were used in medical trials to complement cord blood stem cells in the same transplant.
Processing of stem cells from umbilical cord tissue
The cord tissue storage process begins with the acquisition of approximately six inches of umbilical cord tissue at birth, then the cord is cut, umbilical cord blood is collected, and the placenta is delivered.
The cord segment is cleaned, cut and placed in a container that contains the antibiotics for transport to the laboratory. The collection of cord tissue is safe and can be collected in either vaginal deliveries or cesarean section. The container is transported along with the umbilical cord blood for immediate processing once it reaches the laboratory.
After a baby’s birth, cord blood remains in the umbilical cord or placenta. It’s really easy to pick it up, without risk to the mother or the baby. This blood contains hematopoietic (blood) stem cells: cells that are rarely found in the bone marrow.
Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) can give rise to any type of blood cell – red blood cells, white blood platelets, and cells. These are applicable for maintaining blood production throughout our lives. And they have been used for many years in bone marrow transplants to treat blood diseases.
There are several studies that suggest that cord blood may contain other types of stem cells capable of producing specialized cells that don’t belong to the blood such as nerve cells. These findings are very controversial among scientists and have not yet been fully accepted.
A few days ago, a story appeared and said a four-year-old girl is recovering from brain cancer thanks to the stem cells of her umbilical cord. This news has made many expectant mothers and parents begin to doubt what to do at the time of delivery and many current mothers and fathers have regrets for not having retained the cord blood of their children. stem cells from umbilical cord
The case of Alba
The case of Alba causes the debate, and many media publishes the message that the girl improves her brain cancer thanks to the stem cells of her umbilical cord.
Let’s say that false at all is not, but it is a half-truth. Being treated the girl in the Niño Jesús Hospital in Madrid, she needed stem cells to rebuild her blood system, the parents commented to the professionals who had stored the umbilical cord blood from Alba in a private bank.
The doctors used those cells, of course, they can be a good resource for such cases, but they also had to resort to cells from their peripheral blood.
Should I keep it in a public bank or a private bank?
To make this decision, you have to consider some factors, which we will discuss below:
First, the applications of stem cells from umbilical cordare varied, although they are used above all to treat leukemias. Many of the cases of leukemia have a genetic component and in such cases, the blood itself does not work.
If a child is detected in cancer and it is motivated by a genetic component, the stem cells of their own umbilical cord will not work, because they will have the same genetic code. In such cases, it is necessary to resort to samples from other donors.
Secondly, the majority of interventions come from samples obtained from other people’s cords. stem cells from umbilical cord